Growing the avocado plant from a pit is educational and fun, and it, more often than not, can take only 2-6 weeks for a pit to grow. After that, at times, the avocado plants will start growing fruit after they are three or four years old; others take ten to fifteen years to grow big enough to fruit, which it just does in the suitable growing conditions.
How Long Does It Take To Grow An Avocado Tree?
In the United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones ten through twelve; it is safe to grow the avocado plants outside. In the colder areas, they make striking houseplants but are dubious to bear fruit.
Grow The Avocado Tree From An Avocado Pit:
Avocados are one of the amazing fruits of the summer season. High in flavor and nutrition, nothing can signal the beginning of the summer season like a fresh lime guacamole dip with some tortilla chips. The next time you are trying to make guacamole or slicing some avocados for your salad, try to save the pits for growing into the big avocado trees.
It is astonishingly simple to grow your own avocado tree from the pit, and it can make an awesome educational project for classrooms and home. Check out this handy guide below for learning how you can grow the avocado tree from its seed.
There is a lot to like when it really comes to avocados. One of the numerous perks of avocado trees is that you can plant them in the ground or in a container.
If you are planting them in a container, then simply make certain that you put the avocado tree in a place that gets a minimum of four to six hours worth of direct sunlight every day. Put the tree in front of a big window with afternoon sunlight for amazing results.
And if you are planting them in the ground, then select a spot on the southern side of the house and make sure that the area has well-drained soil. It is also no issue if the soil requires some work. Simply amend your soil with some sand or other gritty matter for soaking up any residual moisture. As long as you plant the avocado tree(s) in a place that gets plenty of sunlight every day, you ought to see them thrive.
So you have scouted the selected area, whether it is indoors or outdoors, and have the avocado trees on hand. Fortunately, once you have got all planned out, it is simple to plant the trees.
For starting, take the trees out of the shipped nursery pots and plant them in pots that are double the size of the root balls. It’s significant to make sure that the trees have ample room for spreading out and getting established. Also, make sure that the pots you utilize for planting have those small drainage holes for keeping the plants from getting the root rot. And get rid of the standing water in the pots’ saucers to avoid any fungal growth on the avocado trees.
Remember that if you are planting several trees outdoors, you have to leave just about five to eight feet of space between the trees and other structures. Once you are all set to plant the avocado trees, simply dig a hole that is 2 to 3 times deeper and wider than the shipped pot. The roots will then get enough space for getting established once you have planned for the good space.
Remove & Clean The Pit:
You will have to begin by taking the pit out from your avocado cautiously (without cutting it) and then washing the pit clean of all your fruit (frequently, it can assists to soak your pit in a little water for some minutes and then scrub all the left-behind fruit off). Be cautious not to take out the brown skin on your pit that is the seed cover.
Figure Out Which End Is Down & Which End Is Up:
A few avocado pits are a little oblong, whereas the others are shaped almost like great spheres, but all the avocado pits have the bottom (from where its roots will start to grow) and the top (from where the sprout will start to grow). The little pointier end is the top, and the flat side is the bottom.
For getting the pit to sprout, you’ll have to put the bottom root side in the water, so it is extremely significant to locate which is the bottom and which end is the top before going to pierce it using the toothpicks.
Pierce Using Three Toothpicks:
Take three toothpicks and stick them at a little descending angle into your avocado seed, spaced equally around the avocado’s circumference. These toothpicks are the avocado scaffolding, which will permit you to rest the avocado’s bottom half in the water, so therefore your toothpicks have to be wedged in there tightly. I suggest sticking them in at a little angle (pointing downwards) so that more of the avocado base rests in the water when you set it over the glass.
Put The Seed Half-Submerged In The Glass Of Water:
After putting your seed half-submerged in water, set it on the quiet ledge with direct sunlight. It is useful to utilize a clear glass so you can simply see when its roots begin to grow and also when the water has to be changed. A lot of guides suggest changing the water daily, but I found, through trial & error, that it’s better to change its water every five days to a week or so. You do desire to make certain that you change the water frequently to prevent bacteria, mold, and fungus growth, which can doom the little avocado sprout.
Wait For The Seed To Sprout:
A lot of guides say that avocado seed sprouting can really take anywhere from two to four weeks, but in my own experience, it frequently takes at least eight weeks to get the sprout, so bide your time. Here’s the procedure you’ll witness:
- The avocado pit’s top will dry out and form some cracks, and the outer brown skin of your seed will slough off.
- The crack will then extend all the way to the pit’s bottom, and through these cracks at the bottom, a small taproot will start to come out.
- The taproot will then grow even longer (and might branch), and finally, a small sprout will peep through the avocado pit’s top.
- Don’t let the taproot dry out un-submerged ever; doing this will be the plant’s death.
Pot In The Soil When Your Tree Is Almost 15CM Tall:
When the stem is almost fifteen cm long, cut it back to almost eight cm, it’ll encourage some new growth. When it hits fifteen cm again, pot it up in hummus and rich soil in the twenty-five cm diameter pot, leaving the seed’s top half exposed. Put on some sunny windowsill. Avocados really love the sun; the more they get sunlight, the better.
Water And Watch Your Tree Grow:
Give it regular waterings with some infrequent deep soak. The soil ought to always be damp but not saturated. Yellow leaves are an indication of over-watering; allow your plant to dry out for some days.
Pinch Out The Top Leaves For Encouraging Bushiness:
When its stem reaches twelve inches tall, then pinch out the top 2 sets of leaves. It’ll encourage your plant to grow more leaves and some side shoots, which can make it a little bushy. Every time your avocado plant grows another six inches, simply pinch out the two new sets of leaves on its top.
Some avocado trees seem to get aphids; the horrible critters cannot get enough of the luscious avocado leaves. If you also get them, here is how you can get rid of these critters: first, wash all of the aphids off your plant by simply spraying the plant down with your hose outside or in the shower or sink.
Once these small critters are off, spray the plant with a combination of water with a teaspoon of neem oil and a little squeeze of dishwashing liquid. It’ll keep them from returning. Check the plant every four to five days and clean it again and spray when required.
The small avocado trees can kick it outdoors in the summer season, but if you live somewhere where it can get cooler than twenty-four degrees Celsius, you will have to bring your trees back indoors in the winter/fall, before the temps fall.
How Can You Grow Your Avocado Tree That Bears Fruit?
It is a million-dollar question: will the cautiously planted avocado tree ever provide you with avocados? It is difficult to say. At times the avocado plants will start to grow fruit after they are 3 or 4 years old, others take more than fifteen years to grow fruit, and a few never do.
It can assist in having numerous avocado trees growing together to help you with the pollination. However, do not anticipate the fruit to be anything like an avocado that yielded the seed. The commercial avocados are grown from the grafted branches for controlling the outcome of your fruit, a naturally grown avocado might be extremely diverse than the parent!
When Does The Avocado Plant Bear Fruit?
The avocado tree can grow fruit when it is ten years old, but plants that you are growing indoors rarely get to that stage. Even if you transplant your plant outside and can survive in the local atmosphere, the odds for success are mixed.
One cause for that is the pit was possibly taken from the avocado that was purchased in the supermarket, and supermarkets do not frequently sell avocados that were sprouted in the region. So your plant that can grow from a pit needs diverse growing conditions. Though it may survive, it might not grow fruit. That’s no great loss, however. The avocado trees that were grown from the seedlings hardly bear tasty fruit.
What Time Of The Year Do An Avocado Tree Produce Fruit?
Avocado trees mostly bear fruits from April-September. The production goes on for several months. So if you desire, you can save a few of them of your fruits for harvesting in other seasons.
- In California, though, avocado trees take two months of spring for pollinating, the production can go on from the late winter season through the early summer season.
- In Australia, the time of production is from June-late July. But such avocados are medium-sized and fall as soon as their fruits ripe. They do not follow the ripe methods of the other avocados.
- In the Asian countries, for instance, in Indonesia, the peak of time of production is from Oct-March but continuous during the rest of the year.
So, albeit the production can go on for a long time, the peak time of production relies on the geographical location.
How Long Does It Really Take For The Avocado Fruit To Ripen?
There’re two methods you can count the time to have a ripened avocado. One is counting the time they really take for growing fully and mature; the other is counting that time they really take for ripening after picking.
Grow & Eat:
It can take avocados twelve to eighteen months to grow and mature. After that time, they become ready to consume. So the avocados we see in the supermarkets are about twelve to eighteen years old.
Pick & Ripe:
After picking your avocados, it can take leaving them in the room temp for seven to ten days for ripening. You can slow the procedure by simply keeping your avocados in the refrigerator or fasten it by simply keeping your avocados with the other ripened fruits in the bag.
The Production Rate Of Avocado:
- A tree produces two hundred to three hundred avocados in a year of production when it’s five to seven years old.
- In the alternate bearing or biennial bearing cases, if your tree can produce the huge production in a year, it might bear less in the next year. At times, the trees just bear in every other year just. It denotes that if the production rate of a year is good, be prepared for having less or no production in the next year at all.
- The avocado tree can grow crops up to about fifty years after they’re mature for bearing fruit.
Growing avocados is a long process that’ll require a lot of occasional effort and patience. But if you keep on fulfilling all the needs the avocado tree requires, you’ll get such tasty and fresh berries with a huge production for years to come! And be certain not to stop halfway when the avocado is the fruit of the patience.
Avocado Tree Care:
Planting the avocado trees is really that simple. Seriously, there is not that much effort engaged when it comes to such exotic cultivars. But the good care after planting does provide the trees with a head start on the lush life.
One of the most significant things in keeping the avocado trees healthy is a good watering schedule. The trees will require deep and frequent watering once to twice a week. However, you ought to leave sufficient time between waterings to allow your soil to dry out adequately.
The avocado trees thrive when they are watered correctly, but not when they are overwatered! And while the avocado trees’ roots prefer to stay on a dry side, the leaves like wetness. The indoor-planted avocados will do great if they are misted every day. You can also utilize the humidifier in your room or fill the container’s saucer with rocks and append water.
The fertilizer instructions are pretty easy. Simply evade fertilizing the tree throughout its first year since it can burn its roots and reason other damage. After that 1st year has gone, feed the tree by utilizing the balanced fertilizer four times yearly. The older avocado plants advantage from the nitrogenous fertilizer applied throughout the early summer and late winter.
As stated above, the avocado plants are pretty easy when it comes to their care. The only time you will have to prune is throughout the early spring or late winter, and that pruning is accomplished just for removing the deadwood. If you desire to maintain a certain height for the trees, then trim them a little by cutting the tallest branches. If you would want to maintain the width, then cut the longest branches and work the way in by simply cutting the other protruding branches.
Propagating The Avocado Trees:
The avocado can easily be propagated in numerous ways. The experts graft desirable avocado varieties onto the disease-resistant stems for producing the disease-resistant plant with the desired type of fruit. They can also easily be propagated by air-layering, it is a procedure of encouraging its roots for growing by scarring the tree branch, wrapping its wounded area with a small amount of the rooting medium, and letting a bunch of roots to develop while its branch is still on your tree.
Once the roots’ network is extended, the branch is then snipped off and planted in your soil. In your house, the most common way is by seed. For sprouting the avocado seed, simply insert three toothpicks into your seed and hang it with the end down over your glass of water. Cover almost one inch of your seed with water. Keep that in a warm spot, but not in the direct sunlight.
The seed ought to sprout in 2 to 6 weeks. Allow the young plant to grow to about 6 inches, and then cut it back to 3 inches to encourage the stronger growth of roots. When the new leaves have appeared again, plant your avocado in a container with soil.
Although there’re about one thousand varieties of avocado, the one almost certainly to find the way into the house is the Haas avocado, which is produced in great quantities throughout Latin America and in California. These are pebbly and small avocados with delicious flesh and high-fat content. Lighter and larger green Florida avocados can also be found in the peak season. These actually have less fat and are at times marketed as health-conscious avocados.
Search for the symptoms such as leaf yellowing, which can signify too much water or slow drainage. They might cause root rot in the overly drenched potting soil. Also, keep your eye out for the white crust on your soil; it denotes an excess of salt from your fertilizer.
Flush your container regularly. When sprouted outdoors, your avocado trees are threatened by the laurel wilt, reasoned by the fungus called Raffaelea lauricola. It’s transmitted by numerous diverse species of ambrosia beetle. The infected plants frequently succumb within four to eight weeks.
The Bottom Line:
Well, that is all about it! I hope you will find this guide really helpful. Planting an avocado tree is not really difficult at all. You just need to take care of a few things. If you follow this guide properly, then you can have your avocado tree growing in your yard and bearing delicious fruit in the season. Good luck and have a nice day planting your avocado tree.